Ephesus Ancient City is one of the most important touristic places in Turkey. It is an extraordinary work that includes structures such as the Temple of Artemis, the House of Virgin Mary and the Companions-Kahf. Founded BC. Dating back 6000 years and from the Hellenistic period to the Byzantine Principalities and Ottoman periods, it was also used as an active settlement. The Ancient City of Ephesus, one of the rarest works that have survived to the present day.
According to the legend; Androklos, the son of Cordos (Cordos), the King of Athens in ancient times, leaves Athens after his father’s death. At that time, the Oracle of the Temple of Apollo was consulted. He appears before the Oracle, but says that he does not know where to go. The Oracle orders Androklos to go to the East, that Fish and Pig will guide you on this path.
They cross the Aegean with the Androklos ship and come to the gulf at the mouth of the Kaystros (Küçük Menderes) river and land. While the fires are lit and the caught fish are fried, a wild boar suddenly jumps out of the bushes, grabs the fish and runs away. The oracle’s prophecy comes true and they decide to establish a city there.
Ephesus, which started its growth process with Androklos, BC. In 129, Attolos, the king of Pergamon, gave the region to the Romans. inherited brings it to the top. This situation will have benefited Ephesus, as it has become the most important trade center in Asia over time. After a while, it started to change hands frequently and In 1304, it passed into the hands of the Turks.
Of course, the ancient city of Ephesus is an invaluable treasure in our country, we strongly recommend that you go and see it and share your experiences with us.
We will try to list some of the sections that are of importance and interest the most and list them visually below.
- If you want to visit the Slope Houses, you have to pay extra money.
- Ephesus Odeons
- Hercules Gate
- Trajan’s Fountain
- Hadrian’s Temple Gate
- Bouleuterion (Parliament Building)
- Odeon(Concert Hall)
- Memmius Monument
11 meters wide 350 meters It is a magnificent avenue. The marble columns on both sides of the street have survived to the present day and are still preserved where they are. meet the kings and religious ceremonies was used for regulation.
Ephesus Antique City Theater
It is one of the rare works that have survived until today. The world’s largest open air theater has the feature. When you go to the Ephesus Ancient City Theatre, the whole of Ephesus is under your feet.
Ephesus Ancient City Theater 24 thousand people has the capacity. Three-storey stage building, which was 18 meters when built completely destroyed case. However, the seats are in good shape. At that time, it hosted world-famous orchestras and world stars.
The temple, as the result of a 120-year project, King Croesus of Lydia started by located in Ephesus.
The Temple of Artemis
In this area where . Unfortunately, the temple succumbed to history.
The Celsus Library is one of the most special works that should be seen in the Ancient City of Ephesus. He became the governor of Ephesus on behalf of his father in 106 AD.
The Celsus Library completely reflects the Roman architectural features and the front of the building is among the most beautiful examples of that period. There are 4 female statues on the front façade. these statues Mind, Destiny, Science and Virtue symbolizes their meaning. However, the originals of these sculptures Austria-Vienna is on display in the museum.
It is located at the western end of Curetes Street. Hillside Houses is one of the outstanding examples reflecting the lifestyle of the upper class living in Ephesus.
Dense residential area covering 4000 square meters Bulbuldag. It is located at the foot of the northern slope of. These detached housing units are arranged in groups of two on the slopes. It is decorated with mosaics, murals and marble panels.
Hillside Houses reveal the lifestyle of the upper class of the society in the city of the Roman Imperial Period. Tiberius houses built during the destroyed by earthquake It was used until the 3rd century.
This area, which was converted into a burial church during the Byzantine period, was built by the Emperor in 450 AD. II. Theodosius It is named after the Legend of the Seven Sleepers that emerged during the period.
According to the legend: The cave where seven Christian youths fleeing from the persecution of the pagans during the reign of Decius, one of the late Roman emperors, took refuge on the skirts of Panayır Mountain. 200 years of sleep It is narrated that they fell asleep and were declared saints when they woke up.
At the time of Hz. Meryem It is believed that Mary lived and died here. It has the characteristic of being a historical Byzantine Church. The House of the Virgin Mary It is known as one of the places of worship that foreign tourists frequently visit.